How to Invest in Real Estate

15, Dec 2021
How to Invest in Real Estate

Real Estate investment isn’t always glamorous. Getting calls to deal with overflowing toilets or eliminating rodents isn’t anyone's idea of a great day. However, if you get the job done right, real estate can be a great form of passive income. 


Real Estate is also a great investment for your existing portfolio and can help you climb up the ladder to larger investing opportunities.


To help you on your path, we will explain why investing in real estate is a great choice for your finances and your portfolio. We will also explain what makes a good investment and how to invest.

Why Should You Start Investing in Real Estate?

If you look at Forbes as a guide, their data shows that most billionaires made their wealth through investing in real estate. Although these wealthy people often started off with money to burn before beginning their building-buying business, this dramatic correlation between wealth and real estate shows us that even the titans of capitalist culture see strong value in this form of investment.


If you buy a small apartment or a luxury mansion, you will create a consistent cash flow from the moment you start renting. Depending on your location and how much you rent for, you will also be permitted tax breaks to help your growing businesses.


This means that the money you receive will likely be exempt from taxes, thereby lining your pockets ready for a rainy day.


Don’t be put off by the work of billionaires, though, as most landlords are regular people who have the money to invest in themselves. The only reason why you shouldn't invest in real estate is if you don’t have the money to place your investment.


If the money is there, the decision to invest will secure your financial future.


Is Real Estate A Good Investment?


You may have guessed this from the previous paragraph, but yes, real estate is a good investment.


If you are building up an investment portfolio, real estate should be one of the basic first pillars that you have created. There are two reasons for this.


The first is because real estate offers larger and steadier returns than the traditional stocks and bonds that most investors start with. The second is that because real estate is more stable, your portfolio can handle more risky investments as the overall risk will be reduced. 


One reason why real estate is a great foundation for your portfolio is due to its illiquidity. It takes a long time and a lot of resources to sell a property, which means that putting money into a house will keep the money locked up.


This might sound like a bad thing because if your other investments go awry, you cannot reach your real estate money quickly. However, being unable to move your money will stop you from making too many investments too quickly.


Property will open you up to one of the best wealth-building processes; compound annual returns. Your money cannot move without taking up time, meaning you will not be tempted to back out of your investment, allowing you to rake in the compound interest.


10 Best Ways to Invest in Real Estate

It might seem easy enough to invest in real estate; all you need to do is buy a house, right? Well, there are actually dozens of paths to choose from, which all fit into the umbrella of real estate investments.


We are going to show you the 10 best investment opportunities for you to follow, which will give you great returns with levels of varying effort.


1. Real Estate Investment Trusts

Real Estate Investment Trusts are also known as REITs. They are companies or people where everyone involved pools their money together to invest in a singular property or multiple properties.


These trusts allow those who would not have the ability to invest in the property by themselves, bridge the financial gap, and make the investment.


The idea is that you can invest in real estate without buying the actual property. For example, the REITs could be for an office building, investing in it and making it better for the users. The owners then pay you for the privilege, and you receive high dividends from the exchange.


Once the agreement is made, the property in question is often leased out or rented, with the profits split between each investor. Although the property can be sold on, unless everyone in the trust agrees, this process can be tricky.


This type of investment is also more liquid than traditional real estate, as you can invest for long-term growth or a short-term one. Essentially, REITs work very similar to stocks as you can jump in and out of the investment.


2. Rental Properties

The first thing that most people think of when they look into real estate investing is the ability to rent out the property. This is the most common form of real estate investment, and that’s not just because it is easy to understand; it’s effective too.


All you need to do, in theory, is buy a house/apartment/studio and rent it out to tenants. The idea is simple, but the realist demands shouldn’t be ignored.


First, you have to accurately investigate whether the property can make a return, then you have to keep up the finances for it. Once the house is prepared, you then need to consistently find tenants to occupy it.


This does take time, but once you have a routine, you should be able to settle into a new life as a landlord. Once everything is set up, you will receive rent that covers the mortgage and gives you constant income.


Another bonus is that your property will likely increase in value as long as it is kept well.


Houses cost a lot of money, so adding another mortgage and proving to banks that you can keep on top of repayments shows them that they can offer you more money for loans and investments, knowing you can handle the increase.


This is why renting real estate should be a big pillar in your investment portfolio.


3. Flipping Houses

In this day and age, “flipping houses” is a term that most of us know. Switch on daytime TV, and you’ll see a whole channel dedicated to flipping houses. If you don’t know this term, then let us explain a real estate investment and great TV show to you.


Some people go to auction houses, others use different market places, whichever way you find the property, you end up buying an old, broken, abandoned home. These homes are often sold by people in debt, and so they need however much money they can get, and they need it fast.


You can buy these homes for super cheap, sometimes for just $10.  Once the cheap and broken property is bought, you can then use the money you saved from the purchase to repair the home. 


Most of the time, re-creating the house will not cost as much as its new worth when you try to sell it again, however, the process is long and requires either physical labor on your end or the hiring of skilled professionals. 


It boils down to this - you buy the house for cheap, make it better and sell it for more.


4. Investing in Land

Buying land is often cheaper than buying property. This is because there is so much you need to do to make the land profitable. If you hope to create a farm, a block of apartments, or a row of houses, you will need to invest more into this land than your original purchase. 


Before you buy land, you need to know what you plan on doing with it and if the land is capable of being used in that way. For example, you cannot build an apartment block on sinking land.


Unlike the other investment, land investing can take years or even decades to complete, from purchase to finished design. The costs can also pile up, as buying the land is often the cheapest part of land investment.


That being said, you can go in your own direction. You don’t need to worry about previous builds and utilizing space already made for you.


If you want to look into investing through the land, you could look at raw land listings on MLS. MLS stands for Multiple Listings Services; you can also use real estate agents to guide you to the land, and it’s known details.


5. Real Estate Stocks, Mutual Funds, and Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)

This type of real estate isn’t commonly known, however, it is a great way to take advantage of the interest rates involved with real estate without spending a lot of money buying the property to begin with.


ETFs can come in many forms, including investing in things like home builders, home improvement suppliers, construction companies all the way to supporting government help for first-time buyers programs.


ETFs often have REIT shares, which we have spoken about before, but they don’t have to invest in one particular property to be used. 


Regardless of which type of ETF you choose, these are all considered to be a stock type. This means they will rise and fall with the economy, and you will need to be patient and not react quickly if you see a dip in the stock.


6. Real Estate Crowdfunding

In 2012 a new law was set called the 2012 JOBS act. In this law, companies and real estate developers were allowed to invite investors and sell shares online. This created a whole new type of real estate investment called real estate crowdfunding.


It works by allowing those who would normally not qualify to be an investor, begin their journey on this path. 8.5 million more people started investing in low amounts creating low-value REITs for around $500.


The investors sign up to a crowdfunding platform, research the offers available to them, and make an offer. The platform then agrees or disagrees with the request, and then the new investor can start building a small capital on their investment.

The process is simple, but as this platform opens up investment opportunities to people who might not be educated in the process, it can lead to bad investing choices.


To avoid this, you need to be aware of what you are signing up for and the risks involved. If the property gets flooded, then your value in the real estate will be lowered. 


No agreement is perfect.


7. Commercial Real Estate

Commercial Real Estate is where the big money is at, but to get into it, you often need to already have money. Also known as CRE, Commercial Real Estate is when you buy a property that is not for residential use.


For example, office buildings, hotels, warehouses, retail centers; that type of property. However, “multifamily residential properties” which contain 5 or more units of said property are considered commercial too. 


This type of investment should only be considered by those who have experience in real estate. This is because building codes, legal documents, and cross-line laws will all be used in these contracts, and you need to understand them or know where to look to be sure that you haven’t broken any laws.


Despite the massive amount of research needed for this type of property, Commercial Real Estate processes are very similar to buying real estate for residential use. The idea is that you buy a property and then rent it out for others to use.


The complex nature happens when you involve the businesses and their individual sector guidelines. 


8. Foreclosed Properties

Foreclosed properties, also known as REO or Real Estate Owned properties, are homes used as collateral for a secure loan (like a mortgage) and have been repossessed. The borrower has defaulted on the loan, so the home is now being sold to pay for their debt.


Foreclosed properties are often used in flipping houses, but we aren’t looking at the flipping for this section. Instead, we are talking about the property itself. 


The lender will want the home sold as quickly as possible to pay for the borrower’s debt, and so the property will likely sell for a low price, however before you buy one you need to be aware of its state. 


People in this amount of debt often have homes that are not well looked after and could be close to crumbling. Before you bid on the house, you need to look at the paperwork and examine the details shown to you.


Water damage, failed piping, location, and frame are all things you should be looking at.


Once you have calculated the cost of repair (including materials and labor), you can combine it with how much you believe the home will sell for once restored. Restored home value minus cost of repair will tell you just how high you are willing to bid on the REO before backing down from the auction.


9. Consider Renting Out a Room in Your House

This can be for a long-term or short term timeframe, but renting out a room inside a property you already live in is a great way to gain money from unused space.


For example, Airbnb, which is one of many online platforms which allow you to rent your property for a short amount of time, is a great way to rent off a room when you know your area has become valuable.


Do you live near a sports arena, and game season is soon? You can add a room to one of these platforms as demand will be high, and you have a prime spot. 


This type of real estate investment is low cost, high return, and low risk as your property is already liveable and the renting time is short. Websites like Airbnb can help you value the rooms as well, so you can be competitive or more desirable compared to places around you.


The tax element of this type of renting fluctuates with how many days in the year the room has been rented. It also considers how much you made from the experience.


10. Online Real Estate Investing Platforms

Investors pay a fee to an online platform, which then shows them a bunch of investment opportunities. These opportunities allow great rewards with significant risks, which is why many of the platforms require the investors to be accredited or earn an income of over $200,000 in the last two years. 


The investor then receives either monthly or quarterly income from the platform.


The platform shows the investors property suggestions, like a mall in their town, a hotel that needs refurbishment, or even a car parking lot. The idea is similar to other forms of banking, but the difference is that the online platform distributes and collects the payments, making it more of a “one stop shop” for investors.


What Type of Real Estate Investment Is Best For You?


There are a lot of different types of real estate investment, but the best one for you will come down to how you react to their pros and cons. Here is a quick summary for each type to help you better see which one strikes you as more secure and worth the risk.

Commercial Real Estate



You will receive a high rate of return.

Commercial Real Estate is vast as you can invest in multiple different types of businesses.



As businesses are involved, there is a lot of complex law involved, meaning you should have a person experienced in real estate investments and the business category to help you.

There will be a lot of costs involved to keep inside the legal parameters.


Flipping A House



You will receive a high rate of return.

As you plan on selling the home after refurbing it, this isn’t a long-term investment.



Due to refurbishments, there will be a lot of upfront costs.

Under-skilled and inexperienced labor can result in unexpected problems with the property.


Land Investing



The upfront cost of capital is low.

There are multiple ways to use the land and exit from the investment if needed.



Building on land can be expensive.


Long Term Rental Property



Consistent cash flow.

Good returns.

It can be used as collateral for bigger loans.

Tax Advantages.


You will need to be an active part of the property management, or you will need to pay someone else to do this job.

You will need to prepare for long periods of time without a tenant.


Mortgage Notes and Debt



You can use various strategies to create multiple outcomes, meaning you aren’t limited to pre-created structures.

The first payment is often modest.



Getting a mortgage note can be difficult.

Low returns.


Real Estate Crowdfunding



Access to international real estate at low entry points.

Good ratio between rate of return and real estate value.



You need to be an accredited investor.

Can create taxation issues.


Real Estate Stocks, Mutual Funds and ETFs



Low cost to start the process.

A liquid market to exit easily.

Modest returns.



Will change with the same volatility as the stock market.


Real Estate Investment Trusts



Low cost to start the process.

A liquid market to exit easily.

Modest returns.



Will change with the same volatility as the stock market.


Real Estate Owned (REO) and Foreclosures



There is a lot of potential for high returns.



Legal requirements.

Due to refurbishments, there will be a lot of upfront costs.


Short Term Rental Property



Consistent cash flow.

Good returns.

It can be used as collateral for bigger loans.



Lots of Active Management.

Only suitable for specific locations or times of the year.


Quick Recap

In most instances, you need to have a bit of knowledge about investments to bridge the gap to real estate investment. Without this knowledge, you might be limited to short-term rental properties.


However, once you get the hang of these investments, most of them will create an automatic cash flow increase for you.


Remember to look into tax reductions or tax exemptions for the type of real estate you are thinking of buying. Each state will have different laws, so you might need an accountant to guide you on this process if you are unsure.


This article was written by Donny Gamble and orginally appeared on Retirement Investments.